Live Support


Deductions Before Calculating Tax

Individuals and organizations can use a variety of deductions

Individuals and organizations can use a variety of deductions to lower their taxable income prior to computing their tax responsibilities. 

Certain expenses are allowed by the tax code to be subtracted from gross income by taxpayers, reducing the total amount of income that is subject to taxes. Items like mortgage payments, charitable contributions, medical bills, and costs associated with running a business can all be deducted. 

Taxpayers can drastically reduce their tax liability by utilizing permitted deductions, which guarantee they only pay taxes on their net income rather than their total profits. 

Understanding and using these deductions in tax accounting is essential for good tax planning and compliance.

What Exactly Is A Tax Deduction?

A tax deduction is an expense that is deducted from your taxable income. In other words, it refers to an item or expense that can reduce the taxes a person owes in an accounting year.

Tax deduction is also known as “tax write-off”.

Tax deductions are beneficial for small businesses as they lower the tax bill, and the business pays a comparatively lower amount. 

Tax deductions are of two types:

Type of Tax Deductions

Standard deductions

Standard deductions refer to the amount that tax filers can subtract from their adjusted gross income to lower the amount of income that is subject to tax.

The Internal Revenue Service adjusts the standard deduction each year for inflation. The standard deduction amount is based on age, filing status and other criteria.

Itemized deductions 

Itemized deductions refer to specific expenses that can be subtracted from each component of the gross income to reduce the tax bill.

The list of expenses which can be itemized includes charitable contributions, medical expenses, or state and local taxes. The items covered in the itemized deduction are listed on Schedule A of IRS Form 1040. 

Taxpayers have the flexibility to choose the type of deduction that best suits their financial situation – standard deductions or itemized deductions. It’s important to keep all the necessary documents in hand in case the IRS requests them.

In case you are not well versed with the nuances of tax accounting laws and codes by the IRS, it is advisable to outsource your tax preparation and tax filing to a tax service provider.

List of Business Tax deductions

List of Business Tax Deductions

1. Standard Mileage Rates

A standard mileage tax deduction is the default cost per mile for taxpayers who deduct the expense of using their vehicle for charitable, business, or medical purposes. It is set by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

The tax rates differ annually, and they are the same for all types of vehicles, whether electric or gas-powered. The current Standard mileage rate is 67 cents per mile.

2. Work Opportunity Tax Credit

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit is a federal tax credit for businesses. It is a powerful incentive for employers, offering tax credits for hiring individuals from certain targeted groups who have faced barriers to employment.

Employers must first get certification from a State Workforce Agency (SWA) stating that the new hire satisfies the requirements of one of the target groups before they may submit a claim for a Work Opportunity Tax Credit. IRS Form 8850 and one of two Department of Labor forms are used for this. 

3. Opportunity Zones

Opportunity Zones are tax incentives to encourage investment and growth in distressed areas of the United States.  

These economic development tools are used for commercial and industrial real estate, infrastructure, and housing.

4. Employee Retention Credit

Employee Retention Credit (ERC) is a refundable payroll tax credit designed to encourage employers to retain their employees during the COVID-19 pandemic tax years 2020 and 2021.

It is also known as the Employee Retention Tax. Companies who file an adjusted Form 941 X – Quarterly Federal Payroll Tax Return for the quarters in which they were an Eligible Employer are still able to apply for the ERC.

5. Clean vehicle credits

The clean vehicle credit is a nonrefundable credit meant to lower the cost of qualifying plug-in electric or another clean vehicle.

Clean vehicles include battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, and fuel-cell electric vehicles. Always determine if your vehicle qualifies for the tax credit criteria or not.

6. Credit for builders of energy-efficient homes

Eligible contractors who build or reconstruct qualified energy-efficient homes can significantly boost their finances by claiming tax credits of up to $5,000 per home. This serves as a strong incentive for them to engage in energy-efficient construction.

7. Advanced energy project credit

The Advanced energy project credit is a lucrative opportunity for manufacturers and other entities. By investing in qualifying advanced energy projects, they can benefit from this credit, available through the Department of Energy, which is designed to encourage and support such investments.

8. Employer-provided child care credit

The Employer-provided childcare credit is designed to help employers cover some childcare facilities for their employees. Companies that provide childcare for their employees become eligible for the tax credit.

Under the Employer-Provided Childcare Credit, employers can receive a tax credit of up to $150,000 annually to offset 25% of qualified childcare facility expenses and 10% of qualified child care resource and referral expenses.

9. Research credit

For those interested in the Research credit, the IRS provides comprehensive guidelines and audit technique guides to assist in the examination of research credit cases, ensuring a clear and most importantly, a fair process.

10. Deducting business expenses

It’s crucial to understand the different types of business expenses, and the general rules for deducting expenses. This knowledge will help you navigate the tax system effectively and ensure you’re not missing out on potential deductions.

11. Energy-efficient commercial buildings deduction

Energy-efficient commercial buildings tax deduction is a federal incentive designed to promote energy efficiency in commercial buildings. It is also known as Section 179D. 

Building owners stand to benefit significantly by increasing energy efficiency in certain building systems by at least 25%, as they may be able to claim a tax deduction. This not only reduces their tax burden but also contributes to a more sustainable environment.

12. Abusive tax shelters and transactions

The IRS has a comprehensive strategy to combat abusive tax shelters and transactions, which includes guidance on abusive transactions, regulations governing tax shelters, and a hotline for taxpayers to report abusive technical transactions. 

How to claim small-business tax deductions ?

To claim small business tax deductions, you need to fill out the Schedule C tax form and then report the profit on the personal Form 1040 and calculate the taxes due from there.

The Schedule C form is used to determine the taxable profit in your business during the tax year. You then report this profit on your personal 1040 form and calculate the taxes due from there. If you are looking to choose a Tax Service Provider, eBetterBooks could be a good choice. 

Get expert help for Tax Preparation and Tax Filing

Tax burdens can be greatly decreased for both individuals and corporations by fully utilizing the tax deductions.

EBetterBooks provides professional tax services that are specifically designed to guide you through the complexities of tax deductions.

Services like those provided by eBetterBooks can give crucial support if you’re looking for detailed advice on maximizing your deductions and ensuring compliance with tax rules. 

These services are not just about managing your money better, but also about maximizing your tax savings. 


Both individuals and enterprises must understand and take advantage of tax deductions to reduce tax obligations and increase financial efficiency. 

Whether basic or itemized, tax deductions present significant opportunities to reduce taxable income by deducting a variety of legitimate expenses. By diligently tracking spending and strategically selecting deductions, taxpayers can maximize their financial benefits and ensure compliance with tax laws. 

By : July 1, 2024
Comments Off on Deductions Before Calculating Tax

Related Posts

Local Bookkeeping Services In USA

Get the latest updates on accounting and bookkeeping topics

© 2023 Better Books Financials Inc, 3625 SR 419, STE 250, Winter Springs, Florida, 32708, United States

Disclaimer: The Intuit® logo, Intuit®, QuickBooks®, and ProAdvisor are registered logos, trademarks, and brand names of Intuit Inc. eBetterBooks is a Certified QuickBooks® ProAdvisor for certain Intuit® products, as per Intuit®’s terms. eBetterBooks is not affiliated with or endorsed by Intuit or QuickBooks; we are third-party independent service providers for accounting software & accounting services.